Underwater Photography 101: “Face the Music!”


One of the challenging things as an underwater photographer is getting your subjects to face the camera. Marine critters are inexplicably camera shy!  Most likely, it is because of the bright focus light you are shining in their face, but it could also be that your dome port looks like a big eye and that can freak out any little beasty. Luckily for photographers, there are some tricks we can try, and common sense we can apply.

Trick #1:  Red Light!

Underwater camera gear manufacturers are aware of the lighting issues photographers face.  On one hand, we must have enough light that our camera can focus on the subject and the thing we want in focus the most is our subject’s eye.  On the other hand, shining a bright light in our subjects eyes causes it to turn away before we can get the shot.  The solution to this is a red focus light. Several lights on the market have a switch that will turn the light red, a color that is theoretically not seen by marine animals.  The following image is a good example of critters that don’t tolerate light well. The pygmy sea horse has no eyelids and cannot shut it’s eyes.  Because it is so small, it is a challenge to focus on, even with good light, and the moment you get it in focus, it turns away.

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However, with a red focus light, there is enough light for the camera to focus, but the animal is not as sensitive to it and it is more likely to face the lens, such as in the image below.  (Don’t worry about the red showing up in the image.  When your strobes fire, all the red will disappear.)

Pygmy Seahorse

Pygmy Seahorse

Trick #2:  Fake them out!

Another trick to help turn a camera shy critter toward the lens is to hand hold the focus light behind the animal, or have your dive buddy hold the light so that it faces the camera.  The animal will turn away from the light, toward the camera.  There will be enough light for the camera to focus, and walla!

Flamboyant Cuttlefish

Flamboyant Cuttlefish

Okay, on to using some common sense:

#3 Patience is a virtue

Sometimes you just have to wait for the critter to get used to you.  Most marine animals have little or no brains.  Instead, they have fight or flight instincts.  If you are not perceived as a threat, it only takes a few minutes for the critter to forget about you.  As far as it knows, you may have been a feature in it’s environment for months or years.  Give your subject time to forget about you, and eventually it may face the camera without being coaxed.  This goby and shrimp took only a few moments to forget I was there, and go about their business of shoveling sand out of their home.

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This leads me to a cardinal common sense rule,

#4:  Don’t be a Predator!

Nothing is more displeasing to an underwater photographer than getting pictures of fish butts.  Sometimes we become so excited to get a shot of that rare critter, just to prove we saw it, that we sacrifice good photography.  The following image is of a goby on eggs.  I really wanted this image, but unfortunately, in my excitement, I was not patient, I did not use red light, and I stalked this poor fish.  The result is a fish facing away from the camera, eye blurred, and generally just an uninteresting photograph.

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 Chasing the animals produces the same result.  This poor harlequin shrimp felt very vulnerable and could only flee from my big bubble blowing self.

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 So remember, try red light, move your focus light behind the subject, wait for your subject to forget about you, and don’t be a predator.  Using these tips will help you get good “face on” shots.

Jawfish with eggs

Jawfish with eggs

 If you have suggestions for underwater photography tips, or questions, please feel free to leave comments below.

As always, if you enjoy my images please visit my website, waterdogphotography.com, or give me a like on facebook at Waterdog Photography Brook Peterson.
All images are copyrighted by Brook Peterson and may only be used with written permission.  Please do not copy or print them.  To discuss terms for using these images, please contact me

How would you like your eggs? (Part 1)


Sometimes a photographer gets lucky and the shot of a lifetime appears right before her eyes.  Most of the time, however, it takes a great deal of planning, patience, and hard work to get that perfect shot.  I recently returned from the Philippines where I planned to find and photograph creatures that were brooding eggs.  I was fairly lucky, as I found so many beasties with eggs, that I will have to split this post in to two parts!  The images that follow are a combination of luck, patience, planning, and even a little courage and prayer.

Anemone Fish Eggs

Anemone Fish Eggs

Truly, anemone fish make the most beautiful babies!  It turns out that those cute little Nemos are fiercely protective of their brood.  I was bitten at least four times as I got in close to photograph the nest.  Fortunately for me, anemone fish have small mouths, and I was wearing a wetsuit, so it was all in good fun.  (At least from my perspective)

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In contrast to a nest of tiny anemone fish eggs, is this relatively huge (about the size of a marble) cuttlefish egg.  The interesting thing about this egg is that the cuttlefish inside is nearly developed and ready to hatch.  What a roomy apartment he has!

Clownfish Eggs

Clownfish Eggs

Surprisingly, the colorful Clownfish produces rather plain children.  In the image above, an isopod is attempting to feed on one of the eggs.

Jawfish with eggs

Jawfish with eggs

The Jawfish above has eggs that are new.  She carries the eggs in her mouth and lives in a tunnel in the sand.  The Jawfish below has eggs that are more developed.  You can begin to see the eyes of her babies appearing.  This jawfish tested my patience as I waited nearly forty-five minutes for her to poke her head out of her hole.  When she finally did, it was only to pull a piece of coral over the opening so I couldn’t see her anymore.  I guess I wasn’t welcome.

Jawfish with eggs

Jawfish with eggs

I hunted for this cardinal fish for several days.  They typically stay in a school just hovering under a ledge or table coral.  In the school, there will be one fish that has a triangular shaped jaw and that is the one that is brooding the eggs in it’s mouth.  Once spotted, I had to wait for the fish to aerate the eggs so I could take a photograph.  They move the eggs around in their mouth which causes them to extrude a little.  This process only lasts a few seconds, so I was only able to get one shot.  This fish’s eggs are new and yolky.  They have not developed eyes yet.

Cardinal fish with eggs

Cardinal fish with eggs

Of course, the beautiful Mandarin fish deserve an encore for their mating dance.  Their eggs are not brooded, but simply float into the water column, or settle down into the coral.

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–To be continued…  Please stay tuned for part-two of this post which will focus on invertebrates and crustaceans with eggs!